Reported Speech

Reported Speech   Кога: Reported Speech означава преразказване на пряка реч. Използва се, за да докладваме какво някой е казал. Пример: My dad said he had written a book.     Промяна на глагола при преразказване на пряка реч. Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple Past Simple “I want to build a new house,” said Peter. Peter said he wanted to buy a new house. Present Continuous Past Continuous “We are making a cake,” they said. They said they were making a cake. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous “I have been reading all day,” said Maria. Maria said she had been reading all day. Past Simple Past Perfect Simple “Jim bought a new car yesterday” Amy said. Amy said Jim had bought a new car the day before. Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous “I was writing a poem” said Teddy. Teddy said she had been writing a poem. will would “I will knit you a scarf,” my grandma said. My grandma said she would knit me a scarf. am/is/are going to was/were going to “They are going to watch a movie,” Tony said. Tony said they were going to watch a movie. can could “I can sing very well,” Emma said. Emma said she could sing very well. must / have to had to “You must/have to clean your room,” she said. She said that I had to clean my room. may might “I may visit Paris next year,” said Ivan. Ivan said he might visit Paris the following year.   ВНИМАВАЙТЕ Често трябва да направим промяна и в други думи (освен глаголната форма), за да запазим същия смисъл. Pronouns (Местоимения) I > he / she You > I / me / they / them We > they Us > them My > his / her Your > my / their Time and places (Време и места) Here > there Now > then / at that moment Tomorrow > the next day Tonight > that night Next week / day > the following week / day Yesterday > the day before Last week / month > the week / month before Ago > before   Променяне формата на глагола, само когато преразказващият глагол (каза, разказа, изрече и т.н.) е в минало време. “He is smart,” Tony says. Tony says he was smart. Tony says he is smart. “He is smart,” Tony said. Tony said he is smart. Tony said he was smart. Не променяме глаголите в Past Perfect Simple (минало перфектно просто) и Past Perfect Continuous (минало перфектно продължително), когато преразказваме пряка реч. “I had seen the film before.” > He said he had seen the film before. Не променяме would / could / should / might “I might take up salsa dancing.” > She said she might take up salsa dancing. Можем да използваме глаголите apologise / deny / promise / refuse / suggest и други подобни, когато преразказваме пряка реч. He apologised for breaking the window. He promised to stop lying. She denied meeting with him. I refused to put up with the situation. She suggested dealing with the situation on time. Направете бърз тест върху граматиката: Reported Speech Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 8 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Information Направете бърз тест върху граматиката: Бройни и редни числа You have already completed the quiz before. Hence you can not start it again. Quiz is loading... You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz. You have to finish following quiz, to start this quiz: Results 0 of 8 questions answered correctly Your time: Time has elapsed You have reached 0 of 0 points, (0) Average score     Your score     Categories Not categorized 0% Your result has been entered into leaderboard Loading Name: E-Mail: Captcha: maximum of 8 points Pos. Name Entered on Points Result Table is loading No data available 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Answered Review Question 1 of 8 1. Question 1 points “He works in a bank” She said ____________________ Question 2 of 8 2. Question 1 points “We went out last night” She told me ______________ Question 3 of 8 3. Question 1 points “I’m coming!” She said ___________________ Question 4 of 8 4. Question 1 points “I was waiting for the bus when he arrived” She told me ____________________________ Question 5 of 8 5. Question 1 points “ I’d never been there before” She said ____________________ Question 6 of 8 6. Question 1 points “I didn’t go to the party” She told me _____________ Question 7 of 8 7. Question 1 points “Lucy’ll come later” She said ______________ Question 8 of 8 8. Question 1 points “They would help if they could” She said...